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RESEARCH ETHIC

Human Ethics

Definition

Ethics refers to the principles of the right to be accepted in society or a group of persons in accordance with international practices without contradicting the local tradition.

Research involving human participants is the learning process to acquire an understanding of the human health and impacts on human psychology from medical practices, or impacts on cellular levels, specimens, tissues, secretions, genetic materials, or health records in the fields that extend to social sciences, behavioral sciences and humanities. Research that involves human participants must conduct according to the ethical laws, regulations and guidelines for research and experimentation in human trials of the Helsinki Declaration, National Regulatory Authorities, and Research Institute.

Ethics Committee refers to the committee appointed by the institutions, organizations or agencies, responsible for the evaluation of ethics of research proposals to protect the rights, dignity, safety and well-being of human participants in research. Research Ethics Committee of the institution must maintain comprehensive Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) consistent with national and international laws, regulations and guidelines. The Belmont Report on human ethics in research consists of 3 main aspects:

1.      Respect for Person

2.      Beneficence

3.      Justice